Periodontal Disease

Periodontist in Columbus – Gum Treatment Options

diagram of what gum disease looks like

The word periodontal actually means “around the tooth.” Periodontal disease refers to any number of diseases that affect the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth, this includes your gums and bones. If left untreated, it can eventually result in tooth loss.

How Does Periodontal Disease Begin?

Fixari Family Dental hygienist with a patient

Periodontal disease is hardly noticeable at first. It begins when plaque starts to calcify, becoming tartar, and destroys the gums and bones. Plaque is made up of bits of food, bacteria, and saliva. Periodontal disease is completely painless in the beginning so most people are totally unaware of it. Four out of five people have periodontal disease and don’t even know it!

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Periodontal Disease?

  • Red, swollen, and bleeding gums
  • Receding gums
  • Gum tenderness, pain, or discomfort
  • Loose teeth
  • New spaces forming between your teeth
  • Pus around the teeth and gums
  • Persistent bad breath
  • Tenderness or discomfort – Plaque, calculus, and bacteria irritate the gums and teeth

 What are Risk Factors for Periodontal Disease?

periodontal disease diagram

  • Genetics
  • Diseases like cancer and AIDS, as well as their treatments
  • Certain medications
  • Stress
  • Diabetes
  • Hormonal changes in females
  • Smoking

 How is Periodontal Disease Treated?

  • Deep cleaning including scaling and root planing
  • Medication prescribed by Dr. Fixari
  • Surgery, if necessary

 Periodontal Disease Has Been Linked to an Increased Risk of:

  • Heart attacks, strokes, or various other cardiovascular diseases
  • Delivering preterm or low birth weight babies
  • Difficulty controlling blood sugar levels in diabetics

 How Can I Prevent Periodontal Disease?

  • Good oral hygiene habits including regular brushing and flossing
  • Regular visits to your Columbus, OH dentist, Dr. Fixari
  • Eat a balanced diet that is low in sugar
  • Avoid tobacco products